Dalia Fahmy

Dr. Dalia Fahmy is Associate Professor of Political Science at Long Island University where she teaches courses on US Foreign Policy, World Politics, International Relations, Military and Defense Policy, Causes of War, and Politics of the Middle East. Dr. Fahmy is a Senior Fellow at the Center for Global Policy in Washington DC, and a Visiting Scholar at the Center for the Study of Genocide and Human Rights and UNESCO Chair at Rutgers University.

Dr. Fahmy's books include “The Rise and Fall of The Muslim Brotherhood and the Future of Political Islam” (forthcoming), and two co-edited volumes “Illiberal Intelligentsia and the Future of Egyptian Democracy”, and “International Relations in a Changing World”.

Dr. Fahmy has published several articles in academic journals focusing on democratization and most recently on the effects of Islamophobia on US foreign policy. She has given several briefings on the future of democracy in the Middle East. She has been interviewed by and written editorials in various media outlets including ABC, CBS, CBC, CNBC, CNN, MSNBC, PBS the Huffington Post, the Immanent Frame, the Washington Post, and appears often on Aljazeera. She has presented her research in various venues including Columbia, Georgetown, Harvard, Princeton, UCLA, The Middle East Institute, The Asia Society, The World Bank, The Wilson Center, and The Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy.

Dr. Fahmy has won several academic awards and fellowships for her research. In 2014, Dr. Fahmy was one of the recipients of the prestigious Kleigman Prize in Political Science, was the 2016 recipient of the Newton Prize for Excellence in Teaching, and in 2017 was named NPR’s ‘Source if the Week.’

Dalia F Fahmy, PhD

  • Associate Professor of Political Science, Long Island University
  • Visiting Scholar, The Center for the Study of Genocide and Human Rights at Rutgers University
  • Senior Fellow, Center for Global Policy, Washington DC

In Flux: US-Egypt Strategic Interest and Military Relations post-Arab Spring

Since the Arab Spring swept through Middle East calling for democratic reform, all but one state has become more repressive in nature. The bottom up civil society mobilized revolution that called for reform, good-governance, freedom, and democracy has been replaced with a new kind of authoritarian rule that is much more repressive and far more un-democratic than pre-revolution. However most of these post-Arab Spring nations are U.S. allies that continue to receive much U.S. aid even in the face of increased repression. This paper will utilize the case of U.S.-Egypt relations to highlight how U.S. foreign policy has changed in the region—from democracy promotion to stability maintenance, and how U.S. aid has been used to mitigate the relationship between allies as one underwent major change. In post-Arab Spring Egypt, U.S. policy has been unclear, but one strategy seems to dominate—it is better to get along with whoever is in power in order to continue security cooperation. While this strategy may seem to be securing the essence of what protecting one’s national security means, by engaging and cooperating with all sides, the U.S. emerged as an inconsistent and duplicitous state whose “grand strategy” in the Middle East is unclear. 

The relationship between the U.S. and the Arab Spring states is not and has never been unidirectional. While these states, namely Egypt, serve a strategic interest for the U.S., they also rely on the U.S. for both aid and political engagement. To this end, before, during, and after the Arab Spring, the tremendous influence of the U.S. has shaped the political outcome of Egypt. Could a dramatic shift in internal politics between long-time allies, in the U.S. and Mubarak’s Egypt, be ignored? While the U.S. seemed disengaged from the political shift in Tunisia after the fall of Bin Ali on January 14, 2011, it was not clear that disengagement was an option in the case of Egypt. The paper will be divided as follows: (a) The 2011 Arab Uprisings—and the US (b) Democratic Support Versus Stability, “the devil we know,” and the Coup of 2013 (c) A Return to Realpolitik?